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WVU Law - Professor Sean Tu

Shine Tu

WVU Law Professsor Shine Tu

Professor of Law


  • 2014-15 WVU College of Law Faculty Significant Scholarship Award


  • B.S., Chemistry, University of Florida, 1997
  • B.S., Microbiology, University of Florida, 1997
  • Ph.D., Pharmacology, Cornell University, 2003
  • J.D., University of Chicago, 2008


Shine (Sean) Tu is a professor at the West Virginia University College of Law.  A registered patent attorney, Dr. Tu’s research focuses on the empirical analysis of patent examiner behavior. He has written numerous publications, including three books and articles in journals such as the Stanford Technology Law Review, the Duke Law and Technology Review, and the Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology.

Prior to joining the faculty at the WVU College of Law in 2011, Dr. Tu was an associate with Foley & Lardner LLP and a member of both the firm’s Chemical, Biotechnology & Pharmaceutical Practice, and the Life Sciences and Nanotechnology Industry teams. Dr. Tu also worked as a research assistant for Judge Richard A. Posner of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. He received his law degree, with honors, from the University of Chicago Law School and his Ph.D. in Pharmacology from Cornell University.

Publications, Research, and Intellectual Contributions

  • Tu, S., Stump, N. Free Speech in the Balance: Judicial Sanctions and Frivolous SLAPP Suits, Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review (2020 in press).
  • Tu, S. Patenting Fast and Slow: Examiner and Applicant Use of Prior Art, Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal (2020 in press).
  • Tu, S. Bigger and Better Patent Examiner Statistics. 59 IDEA 309 (2018).
  • Tu, S. Three New Metrics for Patent Examiner Activity: Office Action per Grant Ratio (OGR), Office Actions per Disposal Ratio (ODR) and Grant to Examiner Ratio (GER). 100 Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society 277 (2018).
  • Invalidated Patents and Associated Examiners (vol. 18, pp. 135-165). Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology. (2016).
  • Port, K., Tu, S., and Reid, A.,  International Encyclopaedia  of Laws, (2018).
  • Goodwin, M., Tu, S., Paris, J.J. Biotechnology, Bioethics, and the Law (2015) LexisNexis.
  • Tu, S. Invalidated Patents and Associated Examiners 18 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment and Technology 135 (2015).
  • Tu, S. Understanding Requests for Continued Examination Practice, 13 Duke Law and Technology Review 216 (2015).
  • Tu, S. Patent Examiners and Litigation Outcomes, 17 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 507, June 18, 2014
  • Uneven Distribution in the RCE Backlog” March 28, 2013, Patently-O guest post.
  • Tu, S. Luck/Unluck of the Draw: An Empirical Study of Examiner Allowance Rates. 20 Stanford Technology Law Review 10 (2012). [#1 downloaded article for the Journal of IRPN: Innovation & Microeconomics]
  • “An Empirical Study of Examiner Allowance Rates” April 26, 2012, Patently-O guest post.
  • Tu, S. Funk Brothers: An Exercise in Obviousness. 80 UMKC Law Review 637 (2012).
  • Tu, S., Rosen, D., Bent, S., White, M.  “Generic Protections: A Synopsis of the Generic Approval Process in the U.S., Japan, China, and the European Union” BNA, 2011.
  • Tu, S., Wu, B., Maebius, S.  “The Road More Traveled: Common Pitfalls on the Way to a Patent” WIREs Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology 3(1):1-4 (2011).
  • Tu, S., Dudas, J., Kiko, P., Wilson, B.  “A Perfect Storm is Brewing Against Personalized Medicine” Bloomberg Law Reports, February 2010.
  • Scher, R., Peet, R., Wright, J., Tu, S., Schorr, K., Berkowitz, B.  Amicus Brief Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics. January 11, 2010.
  • Tu, S., Maebius, S., Dudas, J  “Squeezing more patent protection from a smaller budget without compromising quality.”  Landslide, November / December 2009 2(2): 35-37.
  • Dudas, J., Frisch, J., Tu, S.  “Patent Reform Legislation in the US: Where is it Going?” Lexis-Nexis China Legal Review Volume 29, September 2009.
  • Dudas, J., Maebius, S., Tu, S.  “Let the PTO pay its own way” The National Law Journal, October 26, 2009.
  • Dudas, J., Maebius, S., Tu, S.  “Cost effective patent prosecution without compromising quality” August 2009 AIPPI Japan Newsletter.
  • Tu, S., Hakim, A., Maebius, S.  “Legal aid- ABCs of patent protection” FirstMonday. September 1, 2009.
  • Dudas, J., Maebius, S. Tu, S.  “New roads to patent allowance,” IP Law 360, 2009.
  • Maebius, S., Waltz, J.A., Rosen, D., Tu, S.  “Patenting risk evaluation & mitigation strategies for pharmaceuticals: A New Life Cycle Management Target for Patents?” Pharmaceutical Law & Industry, 7(1): 1-3, 2009.
  • Teaching Experience

    • Associate Professor, West Virginia University, 2 Years

    Professional Experience

    • Associate, Foley & Lardner, 2008-10
    • Post-Doctoral Fellow, La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, 2003-05
    • Graduate Student, Cornell University 1998-2003
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